91 Amazing Facts About Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II, the longest-reigning British monarch, turned 91. In celebration of her birthday, here are 91 facts about her life:

1. She was born at 2:40 a.m. on April 21, 1926, at 17 Burton St. in Mayfair, London.

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2. She was christened Elizabeth Alexandra Mary at Buckingham Palace on May 29, 1926.

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3. Elizabeth was named after her mother.

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4. In 1930, then-Princess Elizabeth’s sister Margaret Rose was born.

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5. When King Edward VIII abdicated the throne to marry Wallis Simpson, Elizabeth’s father became King George VI.

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6. After the 1936 abdication, Princess Elizabeth became first in line to the throne.

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7. During World War II, Elizabeth and sister Margaret moved to Windsor Castle for their safety.

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8. Elizabeth was educated at home.

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9. She studied constitutional history and law, preparing for her future role as queen.

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10. She was also instructed in religion by the Archbishop of Canterbury.

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11. Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip met at a wedding in 1934.

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12. Elizabeth learned how to drive in 1945.

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13. Elizabeth and Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, were married at Westminster Abbey on November 20, 1947.

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14. For a while, Elizabeth and Philip enjoyed a somewhat normal existence in Malta between 1949 and 1951. Philip was an officer in the Mediterranean Fleet.

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15. Elizabeth became queen when King George VI died in February 1952.

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16. In 1953, Elizabeth II attended her first football match (FA Cup Final).

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17. Elizabeth had four children (Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward).

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18. She has made five official visits to the United States during her reign.

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19. Elizabeth II has answered over 3.5 million items of correspondence.

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20. She has owned over 30 corgis. Her first dog was named Susan.

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21. Elizabeth says Prince Phillip has been her “strength and stay” during her reign.

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22. The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh became the first couple in the Royal Family to celebrate 60 years of marriage, also known as their diamond wedding anniversary.

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23. For her Diamond Jubilee in 2012, the queen received over 120,000 cards, letter and gifts.

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24. Her coronation was the first to be televised in England.

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25. Her great-grandson Prince George calls her “Gan-Gan.”

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26. The oldest recipient of a message from the queen was a man from Canada who turned 116 in December 1984.

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27. Elizabeth carries cash in her purse only on Sundays; she donates money to her church.

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28. The queen learned of her father’s death while she was in Kenya.

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29. The last British governor of New South Wales made three films, entitled Long to reign over us about Elizabeth’s accession and coronation

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30. She was coronated in Westminster Abbey in June 1953.

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31. It was raining during her coronation.

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32. Drives through London, visits to Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales, and a review of the fleet at Spithead followed the coronation.

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33. In three months in 1977, to celebrate the 25th anniversary of her accession, Elizabeth went on six tours that took her through 36

counties in the UK and Northern Ireland.

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34. In that same year, her travels continued overseas to countries including Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and other countries.

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35. That year, it’s estimated that the queen and the Duke of Edinburgh traveled 56,000 miles.

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36. That June, she lit a a bonfire beacon that began a chain of celebratory beacons across the country.

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37. The next day, after making a speech during which she declared she had no regrets in taking on her responsibilities, 4,000 street and

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38. In 2002, she celebrated 50 years of reign.

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39. During that year, she visited every region of the UK, as well as many other countries.

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40. June 2002 was the main focus of the celebration, and involved services as well as two concerts including artists such as Paul McCartney and Elton John.

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41. During Elizabeth’s 80th-birthday celebrations, she held a “Children’s Party at the Palace” and invited 2,000 kids.

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42. On April 19, two days before her birthday, she invited guests who also turned 80 years old to Buckingham Palace.

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43. She spent April 21 meeting the crowds in Windsor before a family dinner, with fireworks.

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44. During the year, she received almost 40,000 birthday messages from the public.

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45. For the queen’s 60th wedding anniversary, she returned to her honeymoon location, Broadlands in Hampshire; she and Philip recreated their

wedding photos.

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46. The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Trust took donations for initiatives like Queen’s Young Leaders.

 

47. The queen’s favorite animals are horses and dogs.

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48. She regularly attends both the Derby at Epsom and the Summer Race Meeting at Ascot.

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49. Elizabeth owns and breeds thoroughbreds and often watches her horses race at other events, where they have won numerous times.

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50. She also is interested in Scottish country dancing, and she gives annual dances for the community.

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51. She gives to almost 40 animal-related organizations as well as almost 90 medical and health-care charities, in addition to the hundreds of other organizations she is involved with.

 

52. The queen celebrates her birthday twice — once in April and once in June — because sovereign birthdays are often celebrated twice when not naturally in the summer.

 

53. Once a week for an hour, she meets with Britain’s prime minister.

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54. The queen speaks fluent French.

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55. Norman Hartnell designed the queen’s wedding and coronation gowns, as well as her dress for her first visit to the U.S. as monarch. Queen Elizabeth II is now the longest-reigning monarch in British history. Here are five things you might not know about her.

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56. Queen Elizabeth II is the 40th monarch since William the Conqueror was crowned in 1066.

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57. There have been 12 U.S. presidents since she first began her reign.

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58. There have been seven Roman Catholic popes during her time as monarch.

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59. The queen was a Girl Guide as a child, as well as a Sea Ranger (a portion of Girl Guides dedicated to sailing).

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60. Elizabeth has 30 godchildren.

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61. Queen Elizabeth II became the first British monarch to visit China in 1986.

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62. She sent her first email in 1976 from a British research facility.

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63. Since she began her reign, there have been six Archbishops of Canterbury.

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64. She bred a corgi with a dachshund and created the dorgi, and has continued to breed them since.

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65. The queen once had to demote a footman for putting whiskey and gin in one of her corgi’s water bowls.

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66. She is the oldest to celebrate 60 years in the crown, second only to Queen Victoria who celebrated the milestone at 77.

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67. In summer 2005, she opened the first children’s trail in the Buckingham Palace garden.

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68. The British Monarchy Youtube channel launched in 2007 and has almost 56 million views and more than 150,000 subscribers.

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69. The queen is the only person in the UK who doesn’t need a driver’s license or a license plate to drive.

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70. Elizabeth also does not need a passport to travel internationally.

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71. As a princess, Elizabeth drove a truck and trained as a mechanic in World War II.

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72. Whales, dolphins, porpoises and sturgeons are considered “Fishes Royal” and therefore the property of the monarch when caught within three miles of the UK coast.

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73. The queen, when gifted rare animals such as jaguars, donates them to the London Zoo.

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74. To pay for her wedding dress materials, she collected rationing coupons.

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75. She has visited more than 115 countries.

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76. After visiting Belfast in 2014, she referenced her June Game of Thrones set tour in her Christmas message. She even met some of the actors.

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78. Her love of dogs came from her great-great grandmother Queen Victoria, who owned dachshunds and Scottish collies.

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79. Only five other British kings and queens have ruled for 50 years or more.

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80. Since her rule began, she has visited Edinburgh nearly every year during Holyrood Week. She stays in the Palace of Holyroodhouse.

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81. Queen Elizabeth II has given royal assent to, or passed, more than 3,500 Acts of Parliament after passed by the houses of Lords and Commons.

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82. The queen has visited the Vatican three times, most recently to visit Pope Francis in 2014.

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83. The Royal Yacht Britannia traveled over 1 million miles in the more than 40 years it was in use by the royal family — that’s an average of 25,000 miles a year.

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84. The queen has traveled overseas more than 250 times.

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85. Elizabeth has attended every Parliament opening with the exception of two, during which she was expecting two of her children.

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86. Two of the more recent prime ministers were born during her reign: Tony Blair and David Cameron were born in 1953 and 1966, respectively.

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87. Her love of horses began with a gift of a pony for her third birthday.

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88. The queen usually receives around 60,000 letters a year.

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89. She made a radio broadcast in 1940 at the age of 14.

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90. The queen and the Duke of Edinburgh have sent more than 45,000 Christmas cards.

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91. The teenage Princess Elizabeth performed alongside her younger sister, Margaret, in a number of pantomimes during the Second World War.

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Watch BBC Documentary On The Life Of Queen Elizabeth II


Video: YouTube: Oliver Elmes

 

BBC The Diamond Queen Episode 2


Video: YouTube : Expat UK

Source: usatoday.com, Images: telegraph.co.uk, news.net, gettyimages

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