August 31st, 2021 | Updated on September 1st, 2021
What we recently read about in science fiction novels is becoming a reality: many processes – computing, maintenance, cleaning – are already controlled by robots, and scientists say this is just the beginning.
Nobel laureate in economics Christopher Pissarides believes that there are not many professions in the world where humans will not be replaced by robots in the future: these are jobs in healthcare, hospitality, real estate, and personal services.
But the professions that a couple of decades ago were considered prestigious and promising – economists, accountants, translators – are gradually being taken over by robots. What professions will be in demand in ten to twenty years?
1. System Biotechnologist
These people will replace outdated products with new, more ergonomic, and environmentally friendly ones. For example, they will replace diesel with biofuel, and cement and concrete with environmentally friendly building materials.
In short, with their help, a complete modernization of production will take place. This profession will require profound knowledge in several areas at once: chemistry, biology, engineering. Programming skills and the ability to think systemically will also be needed.
2. Living Systems Architect
Architects will plan, design, and create closed-loop technologies involving genetically modified organisms. For example, urban farms. Separate garbage collection and recycling will also be their responsibility.
It is important for this profession not only to have technical skills but also to think ecologically and focus on lean production and sustainable development.
3. Urban Environmentalist
In the near future, we will need people who can not only intelligently organize the urban environment but also understand why things are arranged this way and not that way.
Why do people like to sit under trees and by the water, and is it possible to have parks on rooftops? In the face of constant growth, it is very important to preserve urban biodiversity and figure out what to do with garbage, cars, and high-rise buildings.
In general, urban environmentalists will deal with the same issues as today’s urbanists. Therefore, the special emphasis for this profession should be on architecture, history, psychology, and, of course, environmental education.
These disciplines seem incompatible today, so it will be hard for students accustomed to allied sciences to get into science.
But here, too, the world is not standing still and there are modern apps for studies as well as services which give the opportunity to get history homework help, for example.
4. IT Medicine
A profession at the intersection of programming and medicine: specialists in this profile will develop and create medical equipment for treatment and diagnostics.
Systems thinking, robotics and programming skills, communication and project management skills are very important for this profession.
Given the speed at which robots are “taking over” the world, we will soon need ethical and legal experts in this field. Cloning, tampering with the genetic code, euthanasia for robots, all of these need to be regulated in some way.
Bioethicists will have to correlate philosophy and biology and calculate the impact of scientific progress on humanity.
6. Genetic Counselor
This profession already exists today. However, genome research is expensive and there are very few specialists in this field.
In the future, such consultations will become common practice and will help to prevent the development of diseases, to find “weak spots” in the genome, and to carry out preventive work. This work requires a complex approach: it is important not only to be a doctor but also a good psychologist.
7. The Designer Of Wearable Energy Devices
In the future, all personal items (clothes, shoes, etc.) will be able to generate their energy, and the task of designers is to make these items not only functional but also beautiful.
That’s why technical skills and the ability to think freely and creatively are equally important for this profession. Get ready to be an energy expert and a designer at the same time.
8. Electricity Refueler
When diesel-powered cars are replaced by electric cars, the world will need people who know how to handle them.
This seemingly simple job requires a certain knowledge of how cars work, as well as customer orientation and communication skills.
9. What The Future Will Bring
The speakers at the World Economic Forum in Davos predict that today’s first-graders will be learning things people have never heard of. And this is yet another reason to be proactive and learn something new.
The traditional model of education, which today gravitates toward narrow specializations, will gradually become a thing of the past. There will be a demand for specialists with skills in several fields at once, as well as people with developed flexible skills.
Despite the pessimistic predictions, scientists (for example, the authors of the Microsoft study) are confident that robots will not completely replace humans, and even on the contrary: people will have more opportunities for career growth and education.
In the future, most professions will require profound knowledge in completely different, sometimes unrelated fields. This means that it will become easier to “migrate” from one profession to another. The main thing is not to interrupt the educational process.