Front-End Vs. Back-End: What’s The Difference?

Front-End Vs. Back-End

March 27th, 2023   |   Updated on May 5th, 2023

When creating software, you can often hear the words “Front-end” and “Back-end”. They embody the opposite philosophy, but at the same time, Front-end and Back-end could not fully exist without each other. What are Front-end and Back-end, and how do they differ?

What Is Front-End Development?

Front-end development ensures perfect user interaction with the site. This is everything that the user sees when they open the web page and what they interact with: buttons, banners, and animations.

The Front-end is connected with the product’s business logic (the client part constantly communicates with the server part), but Back-end programmers are involved in its development.

During work, the Front-ender interacts with designers, Back-end developers, and UX analysts.

Components Of Front-End Development

The Front-end of a website includes 3 components:

  • HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is a document markup language that creates a page structure: headings, paragraphs, lists, and so on.
  • CSS sets colors and font options and determines how different blocks of the site will be located. It also allows you to reproduce the document in different forms: for printing (plain or Braille), display on the screen, or reading with a screen reader.
  • JavaScript is the key web development language. It responds to user actions and processes mouse clicks, cursor movements, and keystrokes.

What Is Back-End Development?

The Back-end is responsible for user interaction with internal data, which the Front-end displays. Back-end developers differ from front-end developers in that the work of a back-end developer is entirely devoid of any visual design and is based on the logic and architecture of the software.

If you need to build only the Back-end part for your project, hire a reliable back end development company

Back-End Development Components

The Back-end developer uses the tools available on their server. A Back-end developer can have many responsibilities.

From database creation and integration to security and backup and recovery technologies, Back-end developers also create the brains of the application.

Back-end developers use various technologies to code the underlying computational logic of information systems, specific software, or websites. These may include Java, C#, Python, and database languages such as SQL and many more.

The Back-end is writing code and creating the application’s architecture. It is important that the database interacts correctly with the application code and is continuously delivered to the server – the Back-end developer is responsible for this.

On some projects, Back-end developers create and integrate databases. Other tasks may include security or configuring backup and recovery technologies.

How Front-End And Back-End Interact?

The interaction between the Front-end and the Back-end happens in a circle:

  • the client part of the application (Front-end) sends user information to the server (Back-end);
  • the program on the server processes the information;
  • information is returned to the client side in a user-friendly form.

Despite the fact that different specialists are involved in the Back-end and Front-end, each of them should understand the principles by which colleagues work.

It is useful even for an interface designer to know, at least in general terms, how the Back-end of the project he is working on works. This will help to adequately assess the technical capabilities of the site or application.

The responsibilities of Front-end and Back-end developers are usually separated, but sometimes a programmer solves problems both on the server side and on the client side. Such specialists are called full-stack developers.

At the end of the day, Front-end development focuses on the site elements you see in the browser and with which you interact directly.

Back-end development is responsible for the functionality of the site and deals with things you can’t see, such as databases and servers.

When outsourcing the team of software developers, you get the synergy of their work and a 100% successful project since all the developers work on it.

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