This Temple is most famous in the city of Ujjain, as it has one of the country’s 12 sacred Jyotirlingams (natural Shiva shrines). This lingam is believed to be born on its own, capable of deriving power from within itself, unlike other man-made shrines. The date on which the Mahakala Temple was established, is not known. However, Puranas point towards the 6th Century B.C., when prince Kumaryana was appointed by King Chanda Pradyota. The Temple is clearly mentioned in many ancient poetic texts. As per Kalidasa’s description, it is said that the entire Temple echoed of various music instruments, and it also was a unique example of architecture at this time. Mahakaleshwar is a three-storied Temple, housing Mahakaleshwara, Omkareshwara and Nagachandreshwara on these floors. Statues of various Hindu gods and goddesses are adorned with silver here. It is one of the four sites famous for hosting the Kumbh Mela. The Kumbh Mela is the single largest gathering of Hindu pilgrims, where more than 100 million devotees come together to take a bath in the holy River. It is held once every three years. The mela is celebrated on the basis of the position of Jupiter with respect to the sun. When Jupiter and the sun are in the Scorpio zodiac, it is held in Ujjain.
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