It is the most noteworthy structure and one of the finest examples of British architectural style. Though it was not in the original design of New Delhi,its foundation stone was laid by His Royal highness of the Duke of Connaught in 1921. It was designed by the British architect Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker and took nearly five years to build and was inaugurated by Lord Irwin on 18th January 1927.The third session of Central Legislative Assembly was held here on 19 January 1927. The building is circular in shape based on Ashok Chakra and the garden around the perimeter is fenced by sandstone railings which are modeled in line with the Sanchi Stupa. The Parliament Bhawan has a circular edifice having circumference of about half a mile with an open colonnade and it signifies unity and eternity. There are 144 columns in the verandah each 27 feet high, made of creamy sandstone. The Sansad Bhawan had three separate chambers, one for legislative Assembly, one for the State Council and one for Princes council. The central hall of the parliament is one of the most magnificent domes of the world and has historical importance for India due to the fact that transfer of colonial power to the Provisional Government under Jawaharlal Nehru in 1947 and the framing of the Indian Constitution by the Constituent Assembly took place here. At present the central hall is used to hold the joint session of both the houses. After every general election, The President of India addresses both the Houses of Parliament assembled together in the Central Hall.
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