This is the Tomb of Mughal Emperor Humayun which was built by the first wife of Humayun, Bega Begum, in 1569-70.It is believed that Humayun himself selected the site for his tomb at this place. It was the first garden tomb of India and also the first to use red sandstone at such a large scale. The tomb was placed inside the center of a 30 acre garden called as Char bagh Garden which is a Persian style of garden and used for the first time in south Asia region. This architectural style inspired many Mughal rulers and many monuments were built using the same pattern. Entire garden is made in such a way that it depicts the Islamic concept of paradise. The tomb is built of rubble masonry and red sandstone. Extensive use of white marble as a cladding material and also for the flooring can be seen. lattice screens (jaalis), door frames, eaves (chhajja) for the main dome has been used.This Tomb Complex also houses the graves of Bega Begum, Hamida Begum, Dara Shikoh, Emperor Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat and Alamgir II. Other monuments inside this complex include Tomb and mosque of Isa Khan, Bu Halima’s Tomb and Garden, Afsarwala Tomb and mosque, Araba Sarai, NilaGumbad and the residence of ChillahNizamuddinAuliya. Nai ka Gumbad or the tomb of emperors favorite Barber is also present in the complex. Humayun’s Tomb has been declared as the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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