September 13th, 2018 | Updated on April 9th, 2020
Crack is the crystalline form of cocaine, an addictive drug which can compel the user to frequently engage in smoking it. The user may get extremely high by using crack and get addicted to it, sometimes after a single use.
When a person gets addicted to crack, they show some specific symptoms and signs of addiction, which, in most cases, may be easily noticeable by others. These signs may include both physical and behavioural aspects.
Therefore, if a person is trying to figure out whether they are addicted to crack or not, they may look for following signs and symptoms:
1. Physical Signs And Symptoms:
- rapid weight loss
- bloodshot eyes
- continuous nervousness and alertness
- intense energy and severe fatigue
- paranoia and insomnia
- irritated cough
2. Behavioural Signs And Symptoms:
- lack of care regarding personal grooming
- decreased interest in friends, family, and activities
- denial and dishonesty
- mood swings
Finally, the most obvious sign of addiction is when the user is unable to quit crack while understanding its adverse consequences in their life. It has many negative impacts on your health.
It may also be a burden on your finances as it is not a cheap drug. If you feel that you have been experiencing these problems, you may look for a professional help.
3. Treating Crack Addiction
There are many options available for the treatment of crack addiction. Most common methods generally include behavioural therapies and pharmacology.
Some specialists also use the combination of behavioural therapies and pharmacology in order to expedite the recovery process. Here is the brief explanation of both of these methods:
There is an on-going research on medicines to treat cocaine treatment, however, there is no medicine available in the market to cure dependency or cocaine and withdrawal. Some options which are going through clinical trial include Baclofen, Modafinil, Propranolol, Topiramate, and TA-CD.
The user may also consider a detox clinic for social and emotional support during the withdrawal stage while taking these medications. Moreover, the user may also experience post-acute withdrawal symptoms, which can be controlled to some extent by taking anti-depressants.
2. Behavioural Treatments
There are many types of behavioural therapy options available for people who are addicted to crack. Your therapist may be able to suggest one for you after evaluation your situation.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – This therapy is specifically tailored to a person who is addicted to crack. It mainly focuses on teaching crack addicts identify their problems and then correct them through the application of techniques which are specifically designed to stop the usage of crack.
- Community Reinforcement – This technique includes social, vocational, and recreational reinforcement techniques. These techniques are usually based on an outpatient model.
- Contingency Management –This technique is a voucher-based reinforcement. It works as a reward system. For instance, for every drug-free sample of urine, a user will be provided with vouchers, which can be availed to purchase food or other stuff.
- The Matrix Model – This model uses a specific framework, which motivates the user to engage in therapy and give up the usage of crack. It teaches the factors that are key to addiction treatment and relapse, which help the user to be more aware and educated about their problem and consider getting proper treatment.
3. Duration Of The Treatment
Every crack addiction case is different and the treatment may take a different amount of time for each user. However, it is usually recommended that a user must get the treatment as long as possible as long-term use of cocaine causes changes in the brain, which may take a decent amount of time to reverse.
You may also experience stress and other withdrawal symptoms during the process so you must consider getting proper treatment until you are sure that you are able to manage yourself without any professional help.
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