Updated on January 18th, 2019
Water filters help in removing contaminations from the water by using several methods like a chemical process, physical barrier and even biological processes.
Water filtering systems are used for different reasons. In addition to that, there are many benefits of filtering your water to use. For instance, some people can use certain types of filters to get rid of contaminants like bacteria and chlorine. That will make the water taste better to leave it smelling like drinking water.
Another advantage of using water filter systems it to provide clean water without using a lot of money in buying plastic water bottles that are not environmental friendly. In general, lean water will help in protecting you from diseases thus giving you a healthy life.
Well filtered water and help in reducing the occurrence of gastrointestinal illness and assist children in developing a healthy immune system. Removing chlorine and its byproducts help to reduce the appearance of some disease like bladder cancer, colon cancer, and rectal cancer.
With that in mind, below are some of the common types of water filters which are typically used for various functions and mechanics. With that in mind let us focus on some common types of water filtration systems.
1. Activated Carbon
Activated carbon granules are derived from charcoal and used in the household water filtration process. These charcoal granules trap and attract impurities through a process of absorption. Charcoal comes from burning wood with a low supply of oxygen.
These carbon filters provide different types of effectiveness. Some remove chlorine and improve taste and odor. Others remove contaminants including volatile organic substances, asbestos, mercury, and lead. The only thing you should know is that activated carbon does not remove most pollutants like perchlorate, fluoride, and arsenic and hexavalent chromium.
2. Reverse Osmosis
It is a forcing of water via a membrane using pressure thus allowing water to pass through leaving contaminants behind. The whole process forces the water to go its usual inclination. The entire process involves pumping water through a semipermeable membrane, and all the impurities are trapped in while water passes out for.
The only shortcoming of using reverse osmosis is the possibility of wasting a lot of water. In most cases, the water used is three times more than the produced one.
3. Ion Exchange
Ion Exchange is right in softening water by removing limescale. In short, ion-exchange involves breaking and splitting the atoms in any contaminant thus making ions. The ions are trapped giving room for clean water. The filters use sodium ions that are held by zeolite beads. The beads trap impurities then change them with sodium ion. That means all the calcium and magnesium ions are removed from the water making your water sweet.
It is the easiest way of purifying water, and it can be done without using too many devices. It involves boiling water to get steam which is then condensed back to water. Boiling kills all the germs. Other impurities like heavy metals will remain in the container when water evaporates.
It is always important to keep the water that you use clean and filtered. The water filtration system is essential in providing day to day health conditions. If you are using filters, make sure that you change them regularly to avoid contamination. That way, you will prove that you have kept your health first.