Health

Skin Aging And Ways To Prevent

Skin Aging

June 18th, 2020   |   Updated on June 25th, 2020

Our skin has lots to deal with these days. Pollution, stress, and hectic work schedules hasten the process of skin aging.

A highly complex process, skin aging starts showing its effects from the mid-30s and it requires great effort to stall the process somehow.

Read with us some anti-aging strategies that might help you to overcome this problem before it becomes a higher menace.

What Is Skin Aging Exactly

A biological process, skin aging is influenced by a lot of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. These factors alter the overall build of the skin thus causing it to show visible signs of aging soon enough.

Skin aging on time is fine but one that appears before time is highly dangerous. It shows signs like a thick epidermis, discoloration, visible wrinkles, and dullness. Loss of skin elasticity eventually causes skin sagging which looks rather bad.

The purpose of any anti-aging therapy treatment thus is to get back a smooth, healthy, glowing, and blemish-free skin.

Patients’ wishes are given utmost importance and they are informed in advance about the exact impact of each type of treatment method.

Skincare

Skin is also responsible for keeping any type of microorganisms, allergens, and radiation from entering the body.

Therefore regular skincare is mandatory for increasing the skin regeneration, smoothness, and elasticity of the skin.

To avoid wrinkles from developing you need to control the degradation of some of the most important elements of your skin like collagen and elastin.

Anti-Aging Research And Market

Face Stone Rollers

The anti-aging market has loads of products to boast of. This includes yogurt cures, magnetic devices, cell injections, herbal elixirs, skin creams, fad diets, hormonal supplements, etc.

Scientists though object to the over-commercialization of the entire industry and feel any kind of false promises should be avoided.

Researches in this regard are moving on at a rapid pace and the concepts of compressed morbidity, deaccelerated aging, and arrested aging have gained prominence.

Compressed morbidity involves intervening in molecular processes to stall any chronic ailments.

On the other hand, deaccelerated aging aims at reducing the processes of aging so that life expectancy can be increased.

Lastly arrested aging focuses on continuously restoring the body functions by the elimination of any damage that the body has incurred.



Anti-Oxidants

The effect of UV rays is one of the prominent reasons for skin damage. Some methods you may use to get relief from that is by using sunscreens, avoiding sun exposure, and consuming retinoids and oxidants in order to delay skin aging.

Apart from that studies have revealed that the use of nutritional antioxidants can also be useful in keeping the problem under control.

Your daily diet is the biggest source of such anti-oxidants and includes Vitamin C and E, carotenoids, and elements like copper and selenium.

Pharmacological Agents

Two types of agents may be used to help in combatting the effects of skin aging. One is the anti-oxidants and the other are the cell regulators.

Anti-oxidants are able to reduce the collagen degradation that is happening in your skin. Cell regulators like retinol and peptides directly impact collagen metabolism and increase its production.

Polypeptides comprise of amino acids and they are able to replicate a peptide sequence of collagen and elastin molecules. The topical application of the same boost dermal metabolism and collagen synthesis.

Invasive Procedures

A lot of procedures entitle removal of the epidermis to reveal fresh and new skin for others to see. The tissue is removed and replaced with remodeled skin layers.

This leads to an increase in collagen production which is beneficial for skin health. In the future, it is expected that technological advancement would lead to cytokines and telomerase being used to aid in gene therapy and tissue engineering.

Chemical Peels

A chemical peel is a trick by which defined skin layers can be removed to reveal even and tight skin. These peels can be segregated into three categories.

They are the superficial peels, medium depth peels, and deep peels that penetrate the lower levels of your skin too.

The depth of peeling is dependent on concentration, pH of the solution, and the time at which the application is done.

Each type of peeling has a different kind of impact that it has on the quality of the skin revealed.

However, the depth of peeling is sort of related to the kind of side effects you may have to experience once the procedure is over.

You could face hyperpigmentation, risk of post-operative infections if you are not careful.

However, in most cases, chemical peeling has led to an increase in elasticity and a reduction in wrinkles seen.



Visible Light Devices

face close-up

Devices like lasers emitting light can be used for photo rejuvenation of the skin.

The efficacy of these methods though is slightly lesser in comparison to the other techniques mentioned above. But, there is a visible reduction in the number of wrinkles on the skin.

Apart from that, there have also been examples of side effects seen such as hypo or hyperpigmentation, erythema, scarring, or other infection.

Erbium glass lasers have been introduced to keep this problem in control. Apart from that Monopolar RF is another technique to obtain skin tightening.

Botulinum Toxin

The Botulinum toxin has no effect as such on the quality of the skin. However, upon prolonged usage, the aging effects can be reduced.

The manner in which BTX operates makes it easy to target lines of your face like glabellar lines and crow feet.

This toxin binds to the neurons of specific muscles and starts showing results within a time span of an hour or so.

Though muscular changes in form of atrophy were seen in animals there is no such impact seen on humans.

Since the amount of BTX used is quite less the FDA considers it as being therapeutically safe for use.

The dosage of each injection would depend on factors like muscle mass, gender, area of application, etc.

The chances of any complications are dependent on the expertise of the doctor consulted. Again, the impact is transient and for long term effects, continuous usage is suggested.

Hormone Replacement therapy

With age, the process of hormone synthesis declines. In a study of 280 men and women, a continued dose of 50 mg of DHEA was given per year.

The women not only showed an improvement in bone density but skin health also got a boost. An increase in skin thickness was also noticed.

Melatonin, on the other hand, helps in keeping the anti-aging controlled. As age increases there is a decline in the production of the same.

Melatonin can also reduce the chances of developing tumors in the body. In fact, studies reveal patients of the tumor having low levels of the hormone in their body.

Conclusion

The anti-aging market is booming as people are becoming extremely conscious about their looks.

As time passes it is best to keep a track of how your skin is reacting to everyday torture.

Just in time intervention using any of the above techniques may actually lead to a reversal of effects.

However, medical intervention is crucial before deciding on which method to choose.

 

Reference Links:

  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1369276/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3583892/