Understanding Essential Tremor And Current Treatment Options


Published on January 29th, 2020

Have you ever felt that weird feeling that a part of your body is shaking uncontrollably? You are conscious, yet you have no complete control over it, and you wait for it to go away.

This might be caused by a common neurological condition known as essential tremor. No, this type of neurological condition is not a deadly disorder, but it’s the reason why your body is suffering from involuntary, rhythmic muscle contractions.

What Is Essential Tremor?

Essential tremor is a common neurological condition that is the cause for some parts of your body to shake unconsciously. These include the hands, head, legs, body, shoulders, and many more.

Sometimes it may even affect the way a person speaks, such as a sudden stuttering, shaky voice, and the like. In some cases, essential tremors can also be felt internally as well.

It has been recorded to affect 41 million patients worldwide and proved to be detrimental to one’s daily routines, depending on the severity of the disorder.

The condition is more likely to occur with people aged 40 and above, but some cases had recorded young adolescents to show symptoms of the neurological condition.

What Causes Essential Tremor?

Most medical practitioners believe that the condition is caused by a problem that is situated in the deep part of the brain, known as the thalamus, which is responsible for muscle contractions and bodily movements.

The problem is due to an unusual electric brain activity, which makes our body respond involuntarily. Even so, medical researchers say that there is no valid information or record to determine the main cause of essential tremors.


It would be hard to tell if a person has the condition or not. Usually, medical experts rely on your previous medical records to determine if you have the neurological condition. Essential tremors can be passed down, or you may have inherited the condition from a family member.

If one of your parents has been diagnosed to be positive, or they possess a genetic mutation that resulted in essential tremor, there is a fifty percent chance that you have the condition as well.

What Are The Symptoms?

There are only a handful of symptoms that can be associated with essential tremors; these include:

  • Sudden uncontrollable shaking that can occur for a brief moment
  • Muscle contractions gradually increase from one part of the body to another
  • Rhythmic shaking that affects the arms, hands, legs, feet, head, and torso
  • The voice sounds to be shaking, and the patient usually stutters to speak
  • Constant nodding of the head
  • The patient is having difficulty to maintain balance

Possible Treatments

There is no specific treatment to cure essential tremors completely. It would be best if you seek advice from your doctor before even considering any form of medication on your own.

The following treatments methods are to mitigate and address symptoms, so you will be able to perform daily tasks:

  • Beta-blockers
  • Anti-seizure medications
  • Tranquilizers
  • Onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox) injections