January 29th, 2020 | Updated on March 3rd, 2020
Coronavirus is the recent form of virus which has been seen in China. The virus originates like a common flu but it killed four people in China. Some of the most common symptoms of this virus is respiratory problems like fever, cough, breathe shortness and likewise.
More than 300 people have said to be infected of this virus since it’s outbreak in December as reported by World Health Organization. Later on, the virus also can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and later death.
Coronavirus can also cause some serious respiratory disorders like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Initial data has pointed out that coronavirus has lesser mortality rate when compared to SARS.
The source and the mode of initial transmission in case of coronavirus is still not known. Human to human transmission is seen but then the same need to be confirmed from authentic sources.
The sudden emergence of this virus in China has made other countries to issue travel advisories for people travelling in and out of the country.
Also, who need to come up for an emergency meeting for the same. Almost all the countries have raised an alert after the very first human to human transmission of this deadly virus has been seen. Some cases of coronavirus have been found in Thailand, Japan, and South Korea.
India has also asked travellers traveling from China should be screen at Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkata airports via thermal scanners. The emergency committee recently constituted will identify if the spread of coronavirus should be categorized into a public health emergency.
And then proper steps and recommendations need to be designed about the same relating to it’s outbreak.
How Does Coronavirus Spreads?
As per who, Coronaviruses are zoonotic, which means that they can easily spread between animals and humans. There are many other coronaviruses among animals which are not found in humans. On 31st December, a mysterious case of Pneumonia was found in Wuhan city which was later reported to who China Country office.
The coronavirus was identified as the responsible agent on 7th Jan by Chinese authorities. Since then who has issued a number of advisories where it is mentioned that how the patient should be taken care of and how the sick should be observed and monitored.
There are a number of protocols in this including testing samples, treating patients, controlling infection in health centers, maintaining the right supplies, and communicating with the public about this new virus.
As per US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), human to human transmission is possible through coughing and sneezing, close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands. The virus can also spread by touching the infected object or surface and then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands.
In the case of pregnant women, MERS and SARS coronaviruses can be quite dangerous. In 2014 a case study was published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, where a MERS woman gave birth to a still child. Till date, there has been no vaccine to protect humans against this virus.
But as per the current status who has not recommended any restrictions or measurements. But countries are encouraged to test and manage the spread of this virus as per the who advisory.
Who has always recommended that washing hands thoroughly, covering mouth and nose while sneezing and preventing contact with sick people and thoroughly cooking meat products will help to prevent any kind of infection of this disease.
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